Spoken Language

This section of Info to Go focuses on resources available to address the development of spoken language for children who are deaf or hard of hearing, and includes a section focusing on Cued Speech.

Clerc Center Resources

Information and resources developed by The Cochlear Implant Education Center, a unit of the Clerc Center. It is an educational resource center created to share information about cochlear implant technology and its role in the education and lives of children who are deaf from birth through high school-aged. Provided are links to various resources developed by the CIEC.

Educational Planning for Students with Cochlear Implants (webcast, 2016)

Webcast discussing the knowledge and tools integral to families and professionals in planning for the language, communication, educational, and social emotional needs of students with cochlear implants. Accompanying this webcast is a comprehensive reference list that supports the information shared.

Students with Cochlear Implants: Guidelines for Educational Program Planning (in collaboration with Boston Children's Hospital, 2015)

Comprehensive set of guidelines designed to facilitate planning discussions surrounding the educational supports and services essential for each student using cochlear implant technology.

Spoken Language Habilitation Resource List (updated 2017)

List of links to assessment and training resources to support listening, speech, and spoken language training developed and maintained at the Clerc Center.

Students who are Deaf and Hard of Hearing and Use Sign Language: Considerations and Strategies for Developing Spoken Language and Literacy Skills (2012)

Article written for the 2012 special issue of Seminars in Speech and Language focusing on deaf and hard of hearing students. Written by Debra Nussbaum, Bettie Waddy-Smith, and Jane Doyle from the Clerc Center, the article addresses considerations in developing spoken language for students who also use sign language.

Stakeholder Resources

Alexander Graham Bell Association (AG Bell)

Information for families and professionals on a variety of topics related to spoken language development and oral education for children who are deaf or hard of hearing.

BrainVolt-Auditory Neuroscience Lab (Northwestern University)

Website of the Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory at Northwestern University sharing information about the neurobiology of auditory learning. It links to evidence underlying speech and music perception and learning-associated brain plasticity.

Hear to Learn

Website developed by Utah State University Listening and Spoken Language program; Sound Beginnings, to advance understanding of spoken language learning for young children who are deaf or hard of hearing. The website includes captioned tutorials on various topics related to audiological testing, listening technologies, and spoken language. It provides opportunities to "ask the experts" and links to references on this topic. It is available in English and Spanish.

Hearing First

Subsidiary organization of the Oberkotter Foundation, a private foundation supporting opportunities for children who are deaf or hard of hearing to learn to listen and talk. The Hearing First website is designed to link families who have chosen listening and spoken language (LSL) for their children who are deaf and hard of hearing, and the professionals who work with them with the resources, information, tools, community and learning experiences.

Lena Research Foundation

The LENA SystemTM is a small child worn recording and data collection device for measuring talk with children birth to three. The Lena Foundation provides resources and research aimed at encouraging family involvement, for all children at risk for spoken language acquisition.

Start with the Brain and Connect the Dots: Supporting Children Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing to Develop Literacy Through Listening and Spoken Language

White paper providing disseminated research for teaching a child who is deaf or hard of hearing to develop literacy through Listening and Spoken Language (LSL). Organized as a logic chain, each piece of the chain builds one upon the other, beginning with brain biology and moving through to the development of literacy in the early school years.

Raising and Educating Deaf Children: eBulletins
(Associated with the Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Oxford UP)

Assessing Spoken Language in Deaf Children (2015)

Cued Speech

Cued Speech (CDC)

Description of Cued Speech including videos of Cued Speech in action.

Daily Cues

Website answering frequently asked questions, posting events, and linking to resources related to cued language. Included are quizzes and games to practice cueing as well as information for transliterators.

Language Matters, Inc. (LMI)

A privately owned company providing signed, cued and spoken language resources.  

National Cued Speech Association

Website of The National Cued Speech Association, which supports effective communication, language development and literacy through the use of Cued Speech. Embedded in this website is CuedSpeech.com, the online home of Cued Speech Discovery, bookstore of the National Cued Speech Association. Also provided on CuedSpeech.com are other resources to support use of Cued Speech.

Cued Speech Transliteration  

ASHA: Collaborating with Interpreters

Practice guidelines for Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists related to use of sign language interpreters, cued speech transliterators, and translators in their scope of practice.

Language Matters: Cued Language Transliterator Professional Education SeriesTM 

The CLTPES is a sequence of classes approved for college credit by the American Council on Education (ACE) College Credit Recommendation Service.

National Cued Speech Association: Cued Speech Transliteration

From the National Cued Speech Association, this webpage provides links to information about transliteration for Cued Speech users.

National Cued Speech Association: Cued Language Transliterators and Direct Instruction at Schools and Various Educational Institutions

Website offering a position statement of the National Cued Speech Association, which asserts that schools and educational institutions should provide students who prefer Cued Speech with qualified cued language transliterating services.

Testing, Evaluation, and Certification Unit, Inc. (TECU)

Unit responsible for establishing and maintaining national standards for the profession of cued language transliteration.

Last revised November 2017

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