Early Intervention, Early Childhood Education

This section of Info to Go highlights resources focused on early intervention and early childhood education.

Clerc Center Resources

The Maine Early Intervention Model ... You Can Do It, Too! (2017)

This 30 minute presentation, by Karen Hopkins, was presented at the September 2017 National Outreach Conference hosted by the Clerc Center. Download PowerPoint slides here. This presentation shares Maine's collaborative approach to statewide early intervention services which provide families an array of supports including the opportunity to learn about various communication opportunities, as well as opportunities to learn from other parents and deaf and hard of hearing adults. It shares information about how two agencies collaborate to provide current, evidence-based services within a child's natural environment using a primary service provider approach, coaching parents, and embedding intervention strategies into children's daily activities. Strategies for implementing a similar approach are shared.


Language Learning Through Eye and Ear (2017)

Two-part research-based webcast, presented by Deborah Chen Pichler, a member of the Gallaudet University Linguistics faculty, addressing  how deaf and hard of hearing babies acquire language and why one should sign with babies as early as possible. It provides early interventionists a foundational knowledge to engage in dialogue with parents and professionals about the neurolinguistic benefits of early exposure to visual language for all babies. It also provides research supported data to counter inaccurate assumptions surrounding dual language learning in deaf and hard of hearing children. Included is a reference list to support this webcast.

Dispelling Myths of Language Acquisition (2016)

Roberta (Bobbi) Cordano, 11th President of Gallaudet University, partners with Ron Stern, former Vice President of the Clerc Center, for a brief video sharing their mutual passion on the urgency of providing each child who is deaf or hard of hearing, full and early access to language through bilingual exposure to American Sign Language (ASL) and English. It addresses common misconceptions about language acquisition for children who are deaf or hard of hearing and links to a comprehensive resource list on this topic.

Maximizing Language Acquisition: ASL and Spoken English (2016)

Clerc Center and Gallaudet University professionals provide an evidence-based rationale for supporting language acquisition in both American Sign Language (ASL) and spoken English for young children who are deaf or hard of hearing. They discuss the important ingredients essential to learning language as well as common misconceptions that tend to drive language and communication practices. Accompanying the webcast is a comprehensive reference list.

What the Eyes Reveal About the Brain: Advances in Human Language Acquisition-Insights from Visual Language and Visual Learning (VL2) and the Brain and Language Laboratory for Neuroimaging (BL2) (2014)

Dr. Laura-Ann Petitto, from Gallaudet University's Brain and Language Laboratory, shares breakthrough research related to the visual modality and what happens when, as she says, "the lion's share of knowledge comes from the eyes." She addresses the impact of that on brain structure and function, and findings on how this applies to early language acquisition. 

How Early Intervention Can Make a Difference: Research and Trends (2014)

Dr. Beth Benedict shares information about what research suggests about the importance of early intervention, how the field is evolving, and what professionals in the field can do to make a difference.

Online Learning

Early Intervention Network: Supporting Linguistic Competence for Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

Online resource developed at the Clerc Center sharing evidence-based practices essential to the development of linguistic competence in children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Various programs implementing these practices from throughout the country are highlighted. A link is provided to the Clerc Center Online Learning Community for discussion and networking opportunities related to early intervention.

Online Learning Community: Early Intervention Community of Practice

An Early Intervention discussion group offered as part of the Clerc Center Online Learning Community to support networking among professionals who work with young deaf and hard of hearing children and their families. It is a place where professionals can share strategies, resources and ideas.

Setting Language in Motion: Family Supports and Early Intervention for Babies Who are Deaf and Hard of Hearing 

A web-based resource developed as a collaborative effort between the Clerc Center and The Deaf and Hard of Hearing Program of Boston Children's Hospital for early intervention providers, educators of deaf children, early childhood specialists, allied professionals, parents, and other caregivers. Seven modules are provided to share information critical to promoting early language acquisition for young children who are deaf or hard of hearing. This product is available in American Sign Language, spoken English, and Spanish with closed captions. An Activity Guide is provided to expand use of this resource (see below).

Setting Language in Motion: Activity Guide

A comprehensive set of approximately 40 activities to support use of Setting Language in Motion. Developed by early interventionists on the frontlines, it provides ideas, strategies, and resources to expand on each of the topics in Setting Language in Motion. Included are talking points and activities to guide family education and links to practical resources.

Shared Reading Project

Resource to teach parents and caregivers how to read to their deaf and hard of hearing children using American Sign Language and how to use strategies to make book sharing effective. The website describes how the program works and the research behind it. Included on the website are 15 Principles for Reading to Deaf Children (available in English and Spanish).


Early Beginnings for Children Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: Guidelines for Effective Services (updated 2014)

Marilyn Sass-Lehrer, retired professor from Gallaudet University, specializing in early intervention focuses on myths, facts, and recommended practices for early intervention.

A Good Start: Suggestions for Visual Conversations with Deaf and Hard of Hearing Babies 

Paper developed for the Clerc Center in 2001 sharing suggestions for practical ways to communicate visually with deaf and hard of hearing babies based on research.

Sign Language Use for Deaf, Hard of Hearing, and Hearing Babies: The Evidence Supports It 

Document, developed by Tiara V. Malloy and disseminated by the American Society for Deaf Children and the Clerc Center, discussing the evidence supporting the use of sign language with children who are deaf or hard of hearing. It is available in English and Spanish.

Odyssey: New Directions in Deaf Education
(Annual magazine published by the Clerc Center)

The Early Years: Parents and Young Deaf Children Reading Together (2017)

Early Hearing Detection and Intervention: How Far We've Come, How Far We've Yet to Go (2011)

Reaching Out to Families of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children in Illinois: A Collaborative Effort (2011)

ISD Outreach: Building Connections to Empower Indiana Families with Young Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children (2011)

It's About Listening to Our Families and the Needs of Their Children: The Family Education and Early Childhood Department at the Maryland School for the Deaf (2011)

Effective Partnering of State Agencies to Achieve Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Benchmarks (2011)

Deaf Role Models Making a Critical Difference in New Mexico (2011)

A Team Approach to Quality Programming for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students (2011)

Blended Outreach: Face-to-Face and Remote Programs (2011)

The Time is Now: Wisconsin's Journey Towards Improving Early Intervention Services (2011)

Preparing Professionals to Work with Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families: A Hybrid Approach to Learning (2011)

Picturing Time: Visual Techniques for Teaching the Concepts of Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow (2011)

Gallaudet University Resources

Infant Toddlers and Families Graduate Certificate Program

Information about The Deaf and Hard of Hearing Infants, Toddlers and their Families: Collaboration and Leadership Interdisciplinary Graduate Certificate Program. It is a hybrid program (online and on-campus instruction) that provides professionals from a wide range of disciplines with current evidence-based knowledge and skills for working with families and their very young children who are deaf or hard of hearing. For snapshots of information about the program, see their 2016 Newsletter.

Visual Language and Visual Learning (VL2)

Website of VL2, a Science of Learning Center charged with the goal to advance how aspects of human higher cognition are realized through one of our most central senses, vision. Their website includes a host of resources related to research and practices to support visual learning. 

Visual Language Visual Learning Center (VL2): Research Briefs 

Series of research briefs on visual language and visual learning developed as a resource for educators and parents to summarize relevant scholarship and make recommendations for practice. Briefs one through eight are available in English, Spanish, and Mandarin. For a description of, and links to, each of these briefs, and associated descriptions of the briefs in ASL, see: Summary of VL2 Research Briefs in ASL.

Research Brief 9: Family Involvement in ASL Acquisition

Research Brief discussing how parental involvement is a critical factor in deaf children's language acquisition.

VL2: Parent Information Package

Online information packet developed by the Visual Language and Visual Learning Center (VL2) at Gallaudet University. It provides a Parent Toolkit to help families and children learn ASL together, bilingual interactive storybook apps to encourage reading to children in ASL, and interviews with parents, researchers, and deaf adults on growing up bilingual, and/ or learning sign language in life.

VL2: ASL Assessment Toolkits

Links to information about the measures that VL2 has supported in their goal to build a "one-stop shop" ASL assessment portal.

VL2: Visual Communication and Sign Language Checklist (VCSL) 

A standardized comprehensive checklist, available through VL2, to assist in tracking young children's sign language development from birth to age five.

VL2 Storybook Apps

Links to numerous stories in both American Sign Language (ASL) and English. Children can watch the story in ASL or start reading it in English. At any point throughout the story in English, children can tap the screen to watch that part of the story in ASL. Children can also touch specific English words to see them fingerspelled as well as being signed in ASL.

Stakeholder Resources

The NCHAM eBook: A Resource Guide for Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (2018)

Online book containing general information on a wide variety of topics of interest to new EHDI staff members, parents, students in AuD and early intervention programs, allied professionals, and anyone else interested in EHDI.

American Academy of Pediatrics Journal article: Should All Deaf Children Learn Sign Language? (2015)

Article in the "Ethics Round" of the 2015 Pediatrics Journal. A panel of individuals with varying perspectives discusses what pediatricians should consider in counseling families about what they need to know about various approaches, to parent-child communication when a child is deaf. 

Supplement on Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2010)

Supplement in Pediatrics journal including numerous articles addressing considerations that are, and should be, driving early intervention initiatives.

State Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) Laws and Regulations (2016)

State by state description of the EHDI laws and regulations. Developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics

Early Intervention (AG Bell)

Links to Early Intervention Resources from the Alexander Graham Bell Association including Early Intervention What It Is and Why It Is Important, State Based Early Intervention Services, Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) Act, and What is an IFSP.

ASL and English Bilingual Consortium for Early Childhood Education

Website of the National ASL and English Bilingual Consortium for Early Childhood Education, a non-profit organization of professionals who are dedicated to the development, management, and coordination of ASL and English bilingual early childhood programs for children who are deaf and hard of hearing and their families. They host a national conference on this topic.

American Society for Deaf Children (ASDC)

Endeavor Magazine

Magazine of ASDC focusing on issues of importance to families, along with other ASDC news and family experiences. The Endeavor is published three times a year.

Apps for Learning ASL

ASDC suggestions to support family learning of ASL.

American Speech Language and Hearing Association (ASHA)

Guidelines for Audiologists Providing Informational and Adjustment Counseling to Families of Infants and Young Children with Hearing Loss Birth to 5 Years of Age  

ASHA document sharing practical strategies and considerations for audiologists when counseling families of children who are newly identified as deaf or hard of hearing.

Newborn Infant Hearing Screening 

ASHA portal to information about hearing screening for children 0-6 months of age. The goal of ASHA portals are to help users find the best available evidence and expert opinion in client and patient care; identify resources that have been vetted for relevance and credibility; and provide links to community forums, technical assistance, and educational opportunities.

Service Provision to Children Who Are Deaf and Hard of Hearing Birth to 36 Months (2008)

Technical report developed by the Joint Committee of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association and the Council on Education of the Deaf (ASHA-CED).

My Baby's Hearing (Boys Town National Research Hospital)

Family-centered, online resource developed by Boys Town National Research Hospital to answer parents' questions about such topics as infant hearing screening and follow-up testing, steps to take after identifying that a child is deaf or hard of hearing, evaluating hearing and fitting listening technologies, language and speech, and parenting issues. It is divided into two sections: "First Steps: Newborn Screening" and "Next Steps: My Baby Has a Hearing Loss." The site is also available in Spanish.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Hearing Loss in Children  

This comprehensive website, developed through the CDC, covers a variety of topics for both professionals and families related to screening and intervention, including research and family stories. Video clips are included in the section on "learning language."

Making a Plan: IFSP Considerations for Children Who are Deaf and Hard of Hearing  

Document developed by the parent-to-parent committee of CDC and EHDI. It is designed to guide conversations between parents and their Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) teams as they address the unique language and communication considerations for a child who is deaf or hard of hearing. It is available in English and Spanish (translated by the Texas School for the Deaf).

Hands & Voices  

A non-profit, parent-driven organization dedicated to supporting families of children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Some of their Early Intervention supports include: Topics/Articles Library: Early intervention, Spanish Resources, Deaf Culture and Community, and Guide By Your Side (GBYS), a program designed to provide emotional support and specialized knowledge from trained parents of children who are deaf or hard of hearing. 

Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH)

JCIH is comprised of representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, the American Speech Language Hearing Association, the American Academy of Audiology, the Council on Education of the Deaf, and Directors of Speech and Hearing Programs in State Health and Welfare Agencies. The Committee's primary activity has been publication of position statements summarizing the state of the science and art in infant hearing, and recommending the preferred practice in early identification and appropriate intervention of newborns and infants at risk for or with hearing loss. 

Position Statement: Principles and Guidelines for Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Programs (JCIH, 2007)

 Position statement of the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) including many of the tenets that have become the foundations of early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI).

Principles and Guidelines for Early Intervention after Confirmation that a Child Is Deaf or Hard of Hearing (JCIH, 2013)

Supplement to the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing 2007 position statement. The supplement provides comprehensive guidelines focus on the intervention component of EHDI and provides 12 goals for establishing strong early intervention systems. 2017 updated position paper coming soon. 

Informed Choice, Families, and Deaf Children: A Professional Handbook

Comprehensive handbook produced for Early Support by The National Deaf Children's Society and The University of Manchester on "informed choice" based on the premise that families must not only have information about choices, but also understand the benefits and risks of any particular choice. The handbook is designed to promote an approach to knowledge-based decision making for families of children who are deaf or hard of hearing based on comprehensive, unbiased, and evidence-based information.

Beginnings: For Parents of Children Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

This website and associated resources were developed by a non-profit organization providing support for families with children who are deaf or hard of hearing, age birth through 21 years.

National Association for the Deaf (NAD)

Bill of Rights for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children  

Early Intervention for Infants and Toddlers

Early Intervention Services

Position Statement on Early Detection and Intervention

EI Service Provider Qualifications

Sign Language for Parents

National Center on Hearing Assessment and Management (NCHAM)  

Deaf/Hard of Hearing Adult Involvement Learning Community (NCHAM)

Information on the NCHAM website about a learning community of programs involved in providing services that connect families and their deaf or hard of hearing child with deaf or hard of hearing individuals. It includes links to examples of deaf and hard of hearing mentor/adult involvement programs, family stories, and other resources and tools on this topic.

EHDI E-Book: Resource Guide for Early Hearing Detection and Intervention  

E-book articles on various early intervention topics. It is written by numerous experts actively involved in EHDI.

Infant Hearing Guide   

Website describing a DVD with three sections: diagnosis, taking action, and family support. This interactive tool with videos was developed with funding by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders at the National Institutes of Health. Individual copies of the Infant Hearing Guide are available through the National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management (NCHAM) and can be ordered by visiting http://www.infanthearing.org.

Interactive Notebook for Families with a Young Child Who Is Deaf or Hard of Hearing 

Downloadable resource notebook available through NCHAM providing information on a variety of topics related to raising a child who is deaf or hard of hearing. This resource was developed collaboratively by professionals and parents.

"Just in Time" (Hearing-Related Resources for Families)

Document linking to numerous resources for "first responders" and families immediately following identification that a child is deaf or hard of hearing. It is available in English and Spanish.

National Early Childhood Assessment Project (NECAP)

Website sharing information about the national collaborative research occurring on the developmental outcomes of infants who are deaf or hard of hearing. NECAP is gathering assessment data for children from birth to 4 years of age from enlisted states, in an effort to characterize the language abilities of children who are deaf or hard of hearing.

Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) Opening Doors: Technology and Communication Options for Children with Hearing Loss 

This publication, produced for the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) by the Academy for Educational Development (AED), provides background on early intervention, the use of technology, and other supports available to children and their families. It is available in English and Spanish.

Ski-Hi Institute Resources and Materials 

Website linking to widely used curriculum guides and other resources developed by the Ski-Hi Institute to provide supports to family-centered programming for infants and young children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Ski-Hi has a curriculum guide and training for Deaf Mentors.

Supporting Success for Children with Hearing Loss:  Providing Early Intervention Services in Natural Environments

Privately developed website for professionals and family members seeking information about the learning and social issues of children who are deaf or hard of hearing. The website is divided into information on early intervention and school-aged students. There are links to numerous practical resources as well as webcasts for training on a variety of topics.

Raising and Educating Deaf Children: eBulletins
(Associated with the Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Oxford UP

Questions to Ask Your Pediatrician When Your Child Has Been Diagnosed with a Hearing Loss (2017)

Transitioning from Birth to Three (IDEA part C) to the Local Public School (DEA Part B) for Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing 3 Year Olds (2017)

Inclusive Practices for Children who are Deaf and Hard of Hearing in Early Childhood Program (2017)

A "Refer" Result on Newborn Hearing Screening: What Parents Should Know (2017)

Services and Settings for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Infants Toddlers, and Young Children (2015)

Successful Early Intervention Outcomes (2014) 

The Earliest Interventions When Parents Discover they have a Deaf Child (2014)

Last revised November 2017

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