Assistive Technology

This section of Info to Go includes information about technologies available to assist individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing in interacting with the environment. These may be devices that enhance listening, or devices that provide visual support.

Clerc Center Resources

Educating Students Who are Deaf and Hard of Hearing: A Guide for Professionals in General Education Settings (2016)

Three-module resource for educators in general education settings. Module 3 includes information about assistive technologies required by law to facilitate access.

Odyssey: New Directions in Deaf Education
(Annual magazine published by the Clerc Center)

Auditory Technology and its Impact on Bilingual Deaf Education (2015)

For All Students Everywhere: Technology Means Independence in a Beautiful Digital World (2015)

Captions, Whiteboards, Animation, and Videos: Technology Improves Access (2015)

iPads for Access, Independence, and Achievement (2015)

Developing ASL Text in the Bilingual Classroom (2015)

Screen Recording: An Essential Classroom Tool (2015)

Powering Up Technology from Passive Access to Active Integration (2015)

Assistive Technology in the Classroom Benefits Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students (2015, Odyssey Extra)

Gallaudet University Resources

Technology Access Program (TAP)

Research center at Gallaudet explore and develop new communication technologies and services beneficial to deaf and hard of hearing individuals. TAP is involved in cutting edge research which drives new assistive technologies.

Stakeholder Resources (Auditory Assistive Technology)

Assistive Devices for People with Hearing, Voice, Speech, or Language Disorders (NIDCD)

Information from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders describing the numerous listening and visual technologies available for individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing.

Assistive Technology (AG Bell)

This information from the Listening and Spoken Language Knowledge Center on the Alexander Graham Bell Association website addresses various assistive technologies including hearing aids, cochlear implants, FM systems, and other supports for accessibility.

Connecting Hearing Devices to Computers or iPads (Supporting Success for Students with Hearing Loss)

Discussion of and links to information about coupling hearing aids and cochlear implants to media devices.

Hearing Assistive Technology (HATS) (ASHA)

Section of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website describing various hearing assistive technologies. A special section discusses considerations unique to children.

Hearing Assistive Technology (Hearing Loss Association of America)

Webpages of the Hearing Loss Association of America discuss information about the various listening technologies available for individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing. Included is a video series discussing various hearing assistive technologies.

Hearing Assistive Technology (Educational Audiology Association)

Information on HATS provided by the Educational Audiology Association.

Remote Microphone Hearing Assistance Technologies for Children and Youth from Birth to 21 Years

Document prepared by the American Academy of Audiology Task Force. It addresses a variety of assistive hearing devices. The guidelines address eligibility for, implementation of, and validation of HATs for children and youth who have special acoustic and listening needs.

Quiet Classrooms

An alliance of nonprofit organizations working to create better learning environments in schools by reducing noise. This website was developed by this alliance as a resource for schools, school boards, Parent-Teacher Associations, principals, parents, teachers, students, and school architects related to considerations for facilitating appropriate acoustic environments in educational settings.

Raising and Educating Deaf Children: eBulletins
(Associated with the Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Oxford UP)

Separating the Roles of Teachers of the Deaf and Educational Audiologists (2017)

Assistive Listening Devices for the Classroom (2016)

Audiology in the Classroom: Modifying the Classroom Environment for Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing (2016)

Hearing Assistive Technologies in the Classroom (2016)

Stakeholder Resources (Visual Assistive Technology)

Captioned Telephones (AG Bell)

Webpages of AG Bell describing how captioned phones work and links to services supporting captioned phones.

C-Print System (NTID)

C-Print is a speech-to-text (captioning) technology developed at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf.

Described and Captioned Media (DCMP)

Free loans of "described and captioned" educational media available to students who are deaf, blind, hard of hearing, visually impaired, or deafblind. Over 4,000 titles available for viewing. There are no user-registration or service fees.

Federal Communication Commission (FCC)

Closed Captioning of Video Programming on TV

Closed Captioning of Video Programming Delivered Using Internet Protocol (IP)

Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS)

Hearing Loss Association of America

Captioning and CART

Making the World Accessible for Deaf & Hard of Hearing Children Through Technology (NCHAM-EHDI)

Article in a NCHAM-EDHI e-book from 2016 discussing the varied visual communication technologies available and emphasizing the importance of exposing children to these technologies early in life to support literacy development and inclusion.

National Association of the Deaf

Communication Access Realtime Translation

Captioning For Access

Video Remote Interpreting-VRI

National Captioning Institute (NCI)

Nonprofit corporation supplying captioning services for broadcast and cable television, webcasting, home video and DVD, as well as government and corporate video programming. NCI also offers subtitling and language translation services in many languages.

National Deaf-Blind Equipment Distribution Program (iCanConnect)

National Deaf-Blind Equipment Distribution Program (NDBEDP), also known as iCanConnect. It provides links to information to provide equipment needed to make telecommunications and the Internet accessible to low-income individuals.


Website to facilitate knowledge of Real-Time Text (RTT). RTT is text transmitted instantly while it is being typed or created. The recipient can immediately read the sender's text as it is written, without waiting. Internet-based, real-time text standard (RTT) is compatible with smartphones.

Telecommunications for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, Inc. (TDI)

National advocacy organization focusing its energies and resources to address equal access issues in telecommunications and media for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, late-deafened, and deafblind.

Telecommunications Equipment Distribution Program Association (TEDPA)

Organization sharing information on specialized telecommunication equipment distribution programs for persons with disabilities.

Visual Assistive Technology Equipment: Retail

Harris Communications

Raising and Educating Deaf Children: eBulletins
(Associated with the Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Oxford UP)

Speech to Text in the Classroom (2016)

Last revised November 2017

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